Prediction of Compression Index of Marine clay Using Artificial Neural Network and Multilinear Regression Models

Document Type : Regular Article


1 Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Pondicherry University, India

2 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Pondicherry University, India


Compression Index (CI) is one of the frequently used soil parameters for the determination of possible settlement. In this study, the Compression Index of Marine clay is predicted using Artificial Neural network (ANN). Marine clay samples were collected from eight boreholes located at distance varying from 0.5 Km to 2.5 Km landward from the coastline of Pondicherry. The depth of boring was up to 12m. These samples were used for determining the Plastic Limit (PL), Liquid Limit (LL) and the Natural Moisture Content (NMC) and these were taken as input parameters for computing CI. These input parameters are taken as ‘data set 1’. Similar properties of soil from over 51 boreholes were considered for analysis designated as ‘Data set 2’where the depth of sampling was up to 52. These were located at a distance up to 5.0 Km from the shoreline of Puducherry distributed across the town covering a length of over 5.0 km. In Data set 2, the LL, PL, Plasticity index (PI) Specific Gravity (G), Swell Percentage, ‘N’value and the ratio of PL/LL of the soil samples were taken as input parameters for prediction of CI. The input variables were reduced in successive iterations to determine their influence in the prediction of CI. Multilinear Regression Models using the same set of inputs was compared with that of ANN. Both the analysis methods indicated that the LL and PL of soil are not only easy to determine but are competent to predict CI with a high degree of accuracy.


Main Subjects

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