Machine Learning on Microstructural Chemical Maps to Classify Component Phases in Cement Pastes

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 School of Sustainable Engineering and Built Environment

2 Intel Corporation

3 Box. 873005

10.22115/scce.2021.302400.1357

Abstract

This paper implements machine learning (ML) classification algorithms on microstructural chemical maps to predict the constituent phases. Intensities of chemical species (Ca, Al, Si, etc.), and in some cases the nanomechanical properties measured at the corresponding points, form the input to the ML model, which predicts the phase label (LD or HD C-S-H, clinker etc.) belonging to that location. Artificial neural networks (ANN) and forest ensemble methods are used for classification. Confusion matrices and receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves are used to analyze the classification efficiency. It is shown that, for complex microstructures such as those of ultra-high performance (UHP) pastes, the classifier performs well when nanomechanical information augments the chemical intensity data. For simpler systems such as well-hydrated plain cement pastes, the classifier accurately predicts the phase label from the intensities of Ca, Al, and Si alone. The work enables fast-and-efficient phase identification and property forecasting from microstructural chemical maps.

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