Optimization-Based Design of 3D Reinforced Concrete Structures

Document Type: Regular Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

2 M.Sc., Department of Civil Engineering, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Behbahan, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Construction Management and Earthquake Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland

10.22115/scce.2020.211509.1145

Abstract

In the design of reinforced concrete (RC) structures, finding the optimal section of members and the optimal rebar, which is capable of observing building code’s requirements, is always the primary concern to engineers. Since an optimal design needs a trial-and-error approach, which designs are almost assumed without this approach, that is unlikely to lead to the best solution. Therefore, in this article, the aim is achieving an optimal structural design that can satisfy the building code’s requirements, such as constraints on flexural strength, shear strength, drift, and constraint of construction at the same time. The work is presented in this paper intends to accelerate the process with an optimization system. To do so, a six-story RC structure analyzed by the linear static method and results of the optimization process, done by the Particle Swarm optimization algorithm (PSO), has shown that the weight of the structure optimized and observed limitations.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Fadaee, MJ and DE Grierson. "Design Optimization of 3d Reinforced Concrete Structures." Structural optimization 12, no. 2-3 (1996): 127-34. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01196945

[2] Fadaee, M. J., & Grierson, D. E. (1998). Design optimization of 3D reinforced concrete structures having shear walls. Engineering with Computers, 14(2), 139-145. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01213587

[3] Kwak, H.-G., & Kim, J. (2008). Optimum design of reinforced concrete plane frames based on predetermined section database. Computer-Aided Design, 40 (3), 396-408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2007.11.009

[4] Fragiadakis, M., & Papadrakakis, M. (2008). Performance‐based optimum seismic design of reinforced concrete structures. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 37(6), 825-844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2007.11.009

[5] Kaveh, A., & Zakian, P. (2014). Optimal seismic design of Reinforced Concrete shear wall-frame structures. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 18(7), 2181–2190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-014-0640-x

[6] Atabay, Ş. (2009). Cost optimization of three-dimensional beamless reinforced concrete shear-wall systems via genetic algorithm. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(2 PART 2), 3555–3561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2008.02.004

[7] Gharehbaghi, S., E. Salajegheh, and M. Khatibinia. Optimization of reinforced concrete moment resistant frames based on uniform hysteretic energy distribution. in Proceeding of the 1st International Conference on Urban Construction in the Vicinity of Active Faults. 2011. https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICCVAF01-ICCVAF01_157.html

[8] Gong, Y., Xue, Y., Xu, L., & Grierson, D. E. (2012). Energy-based design optimization of steel structure frameworks using nonlinear response history analysis. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 68(1), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2011.07.002

[9] Akin, A., & Saka, M. P. (2015). Harmony search algorithm based optimum detailed design of reinforced concrete plane frames subject to ACI 318-05 provisions. Computers and Structures, 147, 79–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.10.003

[10] Aydoʇdu, I., Akin, A., & Saka, M. P. (2016). Design optimization of real world steel space frames using artificial bee colony algorithm with Levy flight distribution. Advances in Engineering Software, 92, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2015.10.013

[11] Chan, C. M., & Wong, K. M. (2008). Structural topology and element sizing design optimisation of tall steel frameworks using a hybrid OC-GA method. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 35(5), 473–488. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00158-007-0151-1

[12] Kaveh, A., & Ilchi Ghazaan, M. (2018). Optimum Seismic Design of 3D Irregular Steel Frames Using Recently Developed Metaheuristic Algorithms. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 32(3), 04018015. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000760

[13] Hoseini Vaez, S. R., & Shahmoradi Qomi, H. (2018). Bar Layout and Weight Optimization of Special RC Shear Wall. Structures, 14(2017), 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2018.03.005

[14] Siemaszko A., Jakubczyk-Gałczyńska A., and Jankowski R. (2019). The Idea of Using Bayesian Networks in Forecasting Impact of Traffic-Induced Vibrations Transmitted through the Ground on Residential Buildings, Geosciences 9(8), 339.

[15] Khatami S.M., Naderpour H., Barros R.C., Jakubczyk-Gałczyńska A. and Jankowski R. (2019). Effective formula for impact damping ratio for simulation of earthquake-induced structural pounding. Geosciences 9(8), 347.

[16] Farahnaki, R. (2017). 'The Application of Particle Swarm Optimization and Artificial Neural Networks to Estimating the Strength of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members', Journal of Soft Computing in Civil Engineering, 1(2), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.22115/scce.2017.48443

[17] ACI, A. (2014). 318–14. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan

[18] ASCE 7-16 (2016). Minimum design loads for building and other structures, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

[19] Kennedy, J.; Eberhart, R. (1995). "Particle Swarm Optimization". Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks DOI: 10.1109/ICNN.1995.488968

[20] OPENSEES® Academic Research, Release 2016. http://opensees.berkeley.edu

[21] MATLAB (2018). The language of technical computing, Math Works Inc. https://www.mathworks.com